A mobile application is a computer program designed to run on a mobile device, such as a phone / tablet or watch.
Mobile applications often contrast with desktop applications running on desktop computers and with web applications running on mobile web browsers instead of directly on the mobile device.
In 2009, technology columnist David Pogue said that newer smartphones could be called “application phones” to distinguish them from previous less sophisticated smartphones. The term “application”, which is the abbreviation of “software application”, has become very popular: in 2010, it was cataloged as “Word of the Year” by the American Dialect Society.
Most mobile devices are sold with several applications included as pre-installed software, such as a web browser, an email client, a calendar, a mapping program and an application to buy music, other media or more applications. Some pre-installed applications can be removed by an ordinary uninstallation process, leaving more storage space for the desired ones.
Where software does not allow this, some devices can be rooted to eliminate unwanted applications.
Applications that are not pre-installed are generally available through distribution platforms called application stores. They began appearing in 2008 and are usually operated by the owner of the mobile operating system, such as Apple App Store, Google Play, Windows Phone Store and BlackBerry App World. However, there are independent application stores, such as Cydia, GetJar and F-Droid. Some applications are free, while others must be purchased. They are usually downloaded from the platform to a target device, but can sometimes be downloaded to laptops or desktops.
For applications with a price, generally a percentage, 20-30%, goes to the distribution provider and the rest to the producer of the application. The same application may, therefore, cost a different price depending on the mobile platform.
Applications can also be installed manually, for example by running an Android application package on Android devices.
The official application of the US Army UU For the iPhone, it presents the news, updates and technological means of the service in one place
Mobile applications were originally offered for information retrieval and general productivity, including email, calendar, contacts, the stock market and weather information.
However, the demand from the public and the availability of development tools led to a rapid expansion to other categories, such as those that handle software packages of desktop applications. As with other software, the explosion in number and variety of applications made the discovery a challenge, which in turn led to the creation of a wide range of sources for review, recommendation and healing, including blogs, magazines and dedicated services. discovery of online applications.
In 2014, government regulatory agencies began to try to regulate and select applications, especially medical applications. Some companies offer applications as an alternative method to offer content with certain advantages over an official website.