Robotics is an interdisciplinary branch of engineering and science that includes mechanical engineering, electronic engineering, computer science and others. Robotics deals with the design, construction, operation and use of robots, as well as computer systems for their control, sensory feedback and information processing.
These technologies are used to develop machines that can replace humans and replicate human actions.
Robots can be used in any situation and for any purpose, but today many are used in hazardous environments, manufacturing processes or in which humans can not survive. Robots can take any shape, but some are made to look like humans in appearance.
It is said that this helps the acceptance of a robot in certain replicative behaviors usually carried out by people. These robots try to reproduce walking, lifting, speech, cognition and, basically, anything that human beings can do.
Many of today’s robots are inspired by nature, which contributes to the field of biologically inspired robotics.
The concept of creating machines that can operate autonomously goes back to classical times, but research into the functionality and potential uses of robots did not grow until the 20th century. Throughout history, it has often been assumed that robots will one day be able to imitate human behavior and manage tasks in a manner similar to human.
Today, robotics is a rapidly growing field, as technological advances continue; Research, design and construction of new robots serve several practical purposes, whether at the national, commercial or military level. Many robots are designed to perform dangerous work for people, such as deactivating bombs, finding survivors in unstable ruins and exploring mines and shipwrecks.
Robotics is also used in STEM as a teaching aid.
Robotics is a branch of engineering that involves the conception, design, manufacture and operation of robots. This field is superimposed on electronics, computer science, artificial intelligence, mechatronics, nanotechnology and bioengineering.
Science fiction author Isaac Asimov often receives credit for being the first person to use the term robotics in a short story composed in the 1940s.
In the story, Asimov suggested three principles to guide the behavior of robots and intelligent machines.
Asimov’s Three Robotic Laws, as they are called, have survived to the present:
Robots should never harm human beings.
Robots must follow the instructions of humans without violating rule 1.
Robots must protect themselves without violating the other rules.
The word robotics is derived from the word robot, which was presented to the public by the Czech writer Karel Capek in his work R.U.R. which was published in 1920. The word robot comes from the Slavic word rabota, meaning work / work. The work begins in a factory that makes artificial people called robots, creatures that can be confused with humans, very similar to the modern ideas of the androids. Karel Capek himself did not invent the word. He wrote a short letter in reference to an etymology in the Oxford English Dictionary in which he named his brother Josef Capek as his real creator